The ability of learning, thinking, and problem-solving which is the framework for schooling success in adolescence and adulthood.Cognitive skills develop over time.  The child demonstrates the ability of learning, thinking, and problem-solving.  As your child develops cognition, he/she will increase their intellectual capacity too.  A child with a strong cognitive skill is the framework for schooling success in adolescence and adulthood.The chart below identifies several skills your child should demonstrate by age 12 months, 24 months, 36 months, 4 years old, and 5 years old for Cognitive Growth:
AgeCognitive Skills
12 months (1 year)Explores their environment (shakes, bangs, throws items)
Copies and imitates gestures
Uses items as it’s intended function (comb for hair brushing)
Points with index (pointer) finger
Understand object permanence (finds items that are hidden)
Looks at the right object/thing (stimulus) when things are named/labeled
AgeCognitive Skills
24 months (2 years)Sorts shapes and colors
Completes sentences and familiar songs/rhymes (intraverbals)
Uses 4 or more blocks to build a tower
Begins to demonstrate right-hand or left-hand dominance
Follows simple 2-step instruction (“pick up your train and put it in the toy box”)
Names common animals and objects in a picture book (dog, bird)
AgeCognitive Skills
36 months (3 years)Turns pages in a book, push buttons, pull levers etc.
Builds towers with 6 or more blocks
Completes 3 or 4 piece puzzle
Can count to 2 and discriminate between 1 object vs 2 objects
Plays make-believe with dolls, people and animals
Copies (traces) a circle while using a crayon or writing utensil
AgeCognitive Skills
4 YearsPlays games that require taking turns (board and card games)
Recalls parts of a story
Can count and understands numbers have values
Identifies (labels) colors and numbers
Discriminates between same vs different
Can tell you what they think will happen next in a book or movie
AgeCognitive Skills
5 YearsWrites letters, numbers, name
Draws or copies shapes (triangle, square)
Draws a person with 6 body parts or more (head, eyes, nose, mouth, arms, legs etc.)
Counts 10 or more objects